KOLWEZI, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO – Ivanhoe Mines (TSX: IVN; OTCQX:IVPAF) Co-Chairs Robert Friedland and Yufeng "Miles" Sun announced today that underground development at the Kakula Copper Mine continues to advance ahead of schedule with more than 15.4 kilometres now complete, which is 4.7 kilometres ahead of plan. In May, the mining team set its fifth consecutive monthly development record of 1,868 metres of underground advancement – 535 metres ahead of plan for the month.

Major development at the Kakula Mine currently is primarily in ore with an average grade of approximately 8% copper. This ore is being placed on a dedicated, high-grade surface stockpile that now totals approximately 51,000 tonnes grading an estimated 5.86% copper. An adjacent medium-grade stockpile contains approximately 306,000 tonnes grading an estimated 3.06% copper. The high-grade stockpile is projected to significantly expand in the coming months as the majority of Kakula's underground development will be in mining zones grading +5% copper.

Mr. Friedland and Mr. Sun also noted that the fabrication of structural steel and key equipment for Kakula's initial 3.8-million-tonne-per-annum processing plant is progressing rapidly at manufacturing facilities in China, South Africa and Europe. Fabrication of the plant's largest components – the ball mills – is nearing completion at CITIC Heavy Industries' factory in Luoyang, China, and shipping of major components is underway.

Approximately 100 truck loads of equipment for the processing plant are en route to the Kakula Mine from the port of Durban, South Africa. The two ball mills – a primary and secondary mill each measuring 9.75 metres (32 feet) long and 6.1 metres (20 feet) in diameter that will be installed in series to achieve a grind of 80% passing 53 micrometres – are being transported to Kamoa-Kakula in three separate shipments. One shipment is on the road between Durban and Kamoa-Kakula; one shipment is on a cargo ship and expected to arrive at Durban on June 18th; and the third shipment is scheduled to depart Shanghai, China on June 18th.

Aerial view of the Kakula Mine showing the tonnes and grade of the pre-production stockpiles. The main declines are in the center of the picture and the processing plant in the upper right corner.

Underground development at the Kakula Mine proceeding extremely well

Development of the Kakula Mine, the first deposit to be placed into production on the 400-square-kilometre Kamoa-Kakula mining licence, is well ahead of schedule. Mine access drives 1 and 2 (interconnected, parallel tunnels that will provide access to ore zones) continue to progress well towards the southern portion of the orebody.

Development also is well advanced on the eastern perimeter drives and the room-and-pillar mining area. Development from the southern portal has reached south access drives 1 and 2, with mining crews working to establish the connection of these drives with mine access drives 1 and 2 from the north side of the orebody. Approximately 1,000 metres of development is required before the northern and southern access drives are joined, which is scheduled to occur in September 2020.

A second crew comprised of young Congolese miners was added to the Kakula mining team in March bringing the total number of underground mining crews to nine. The mine will continue to add additional crews over the next year to further accelerate development.

Underground mining also is occurring at the Kansoko Mine, located at the Kamoa deposit approximately 10 kilometres north of the Kakula Mine. Kansoko is development ready and currently is being used to train new crews of young Congolese miners.

Kakula's main belt and sacrificial belts have been installed for the conveyor system that will transport ore from underground to surface. Initial commissioning for the conveyor system is scheduled to occur in the next two weeks, with final commissioning for the full system (including the fire suppression system and all safety components) scheduled for mid-July.

Team members from DRC-based Kamoa Kakula Construction Company (KKCC), at the head end of the high-capacity decline conveyor system that will transport copper ore from the Kakula Mine's underground workings to the surface processing plant.

The reaming of Ventilation Shaft 3 has been completed. A high-capacity, surface fan will be moved from its current location at Ventilation Shaft 1 to Ventilation Shaft 3. Ventilation Shaft 1 will then become downcast (drawing fresh air into the mine) and Ventilation Shaft 3 will be upcast. Reaming of Ventilation Shaft 4 is expected to commence this month and should be completed by the end of July.

In parallel with the construction of Kamoa-Kakula's phase 1 Kakula Mine, work is progressing on the independent Kakula definitive feasibility study (DFS) and an updated Integrated Development Plan for the entire Kamoa-Kakula mining complex, which is expected to be issued in mid-2020. The Kakula DFS will provide an increased level of accuracy for the project economics for the initial phase of mine development at Kakula. The Integrated Development Plan will include details on the planned expansion phases for the greater Kamoa-Kakula mining complex, incorporating updates for mineral resources, production rates and economic analysis.

Kakula's development team members hold samples of the gray-coloured, high-grade chalcocite ore to the surface stockpiles. Chalocite – Kakula's predominant type of ore – is nearly 80% copper by weight.

(L-R) Adolphe Kasenga (Assistant Grade Officer), Lucquin Selemani (Assistant Surveyor), Reagan Ngandu (Assistant Surveyor), Donat Kanimu (Assistant Surveyor), Daniel Jila (Data Clerk), Thotho Ngoy (Assistant Grade Officer), Ismael Kayembe (Mine Surveyor) and in the back, Narcisse Kalombo (Dozer operator).

A 63-tonne Sandvik truck delivers another load of high-grade chalcocite ore to the surface stockpiles. The high-grade stockpile is projected to significantly expand in the coming months as the majority of Kakula's underground development will be in mining zones grading +5% copper.

Construction progress on the processing plant and other surface infrastructure remains on track for initial production in Q3 2021

Manufacturing and delivery to site of all long lead items for Kakula's 3.8 million-tonne-per-annum (Mtpa) concentrator plant facility is well advanced with some items already having been delivered. Plant earthworks is complete, and plant civil works are advancing rapidly. SMPP (structural, mechanical, piping and platework) fabrication is progressing well with some steel already on route to site, and mobilization of the erection crews have started. The contract for the EC&I (Electrical, Control and Instrumentation) has been awarded.

The capital cost related to the construction of the mining infrastructure (underground and surface), processing plant and surface infrastructure has been estimated to a basic engineering level of accuracy and is being used as the control budget estimate for the project.

The current estimate of the project's initial capital costs is approximately US$1.3 billion as of January 1, 2019, which assumes commissioning of the first processing plant module in Q3 2021.

Pictured below are a ball mill shell and the girth gear for the Kakula processing plant that were recently completed at CITIC Heavy Industries' factory in Luoyang, China. Approximately 100 truck loads of equipment for the processing plant are now en route to the minesite.

Construction activities at the Mwadingusha hydro-electric power plant, where all six turbines are being replaced, is progressing well, as is the associated 220-kilovolt (Kva) infrastructure to supply the mine with clean hydro-power. The mine is scheduled to be energized with permanent 220kV hydro-generated power by January 2021, well in time for first copper production.

Other critical infrastructure that has recently been completed include: construction of a permanent road between the mine site and the Kolwezi airport; and the construction of the first phase of accommodations for 1,000 employees and contractors.

More than 3,500 employees and contractors are currently working on site, of which approximately 90% are Congolese nationals. To date, there have been no recorded COVID-19 cases in DRC's Lualaba Province where Kamoa-Kakula is located. As a result, on June 1st, Kamoa-Kakula moved from Level 4 to Level 3 of its COVID-19 response plan, allowing the project's Congolese employees to return to commuting from Kolwezi and neighbouring communities.

Kakula's new ICU ward that was constructed to treat potential COVID-19 patients. To date, there have been no cases of COVID-19 at Kamoa-Kakula or in the DRC's Lualaba Province, where Kamoa-Kakula is located.

Kamoa-Kakula on track to produce the world's "greenest copper"

Together with its joint-venture partners, Ivanhoe is committed to building modern, safe, mechanized mines that will showcase responsible, "green" mine development.

Kamoa-Kakula is unique as it combines ultra-high copper grades in thick, shallow and relatively flat-lying deposits – allowing for large-scale, highly-productive, mechanized underground mining operations. The ultra-high copper grades and underground mines mean that Kamoa-Kakula will have a small surface footprint and use a fraction of the power, water and consumables – and produce far less tailings – than comparable large, low-grade, open-pit porphyry copper mines currently in operation, or under development, elsewhere in the world.

In addition, approximately 55% of the Kakula's tailings will be mixed with cement and pumped back underground to fill voids and help support the underground mine. The remaining 45% of the tailings will be pumped to a tailings storage facility.

"We are committed to building the Kamoa-Kakula Project to industry-leading standards in terms of resource efficiency, water and energy usage, and minimizing emissions," said Executive Co-Chairman Robert Friedland. "We are blessed with incredibly high-grade deposits in areas that have an abundance of clean, sustainable hydro power potential ─ providing us with a distinct advantage in our goal to become the world's 'greenest' miner."

Clean, sustainable hydro-electric power for Kamoa-Kakula

Ivanhoe also is committed to powering its mines with clean, sustainable hydro-electricity. Ongoing upgrading work at the Mwadingusha hydro-power plant in the DRC has significantly progressed with major equipment being delivered to site. The progressive re-commissioning of the turbines, fully refurbished and modernized with state-of-the-art control and instrumentation, is underway and is expected to be completed in Q1 2021. The refurbished plant is expected to deliver approximately 72 megawatts (MW) of power to the national power grid.

The work at Mwadingusha is being conducted by engineering firm Stucky, of Lausanne, Switzerland, under the direction of Ivanhoe Mines and Zijin Mining, in conjunction with the DRC's state-owned power company, La Société Nationale d'Electricité (SNEL).

"Clean, renewable hydropower is the best energy solution to support our development priorities as we continue to look for ways to reduce our impact on the environment and produce the copper our world requires," added Mr. Friedland.

The Kamoa-Kakula Copper Project is a joint venture between Ivanhoe Mines (39.6%), Zijin Mining Group (39.6%), Crystal River Global Limited (0.8%) and the DRC government (20%).

Installation of the 120-kilovolt / 11 kilovolt electrical substation at the Kakula Mine. Kakula will be powered by clean, renewable hydroelectricity and will be among the world's lowest greenhouse gas emitters per unit of copper produced.

A banana plantation near the Kamoa-Kakula Project, which is owned and operated by a local community women's group. The plantation is one of Kamoa-Kakula's initiatives to enhance food security in nearby communities.

Qualified Persons

Disclosures of a scientific or technical nature regarding the revised capital expenditure and development scenarios at the Kamoa-Kakula Project in this news release have been reviewed and approved by Steve Amos, who is considered, by virtue of his education, experience and professional association, a Qualified Person under the terms of NI 43-101. Mr. Amos is not considered independent under NI 43-101 as he is the Head of the Kamoa Project. Mr. Amos has verified the technical data disclosed in this news release.

Other disclosures of a scientific or technical nature in this news release have been reviewed and approved by Stephen Torr, who is considered, by virtue of his education, experience and professional association, a Qualified Person under the terms of NI 43-101. Mr. Torr is not considered independent under NI 43-101 as he is the Vice President, Project Geology and Evaluation. Mr. Torr has verified the other technical data disclosed in this news release.

Ivanhoe has prepared a current, independent, NI 43-101-compliant technical report for the Kamoa-Kakula Project, which is available under the company's SEDAR profile at www.sedar.com:

  • The Kamoa-Kakula 2020 Resource Update dated March 25, 2020, prepared by OreWin Pty Ltd., Wood plc, DRA Global, SRK Consulting (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd and Stantec Consulting International LLC.

The technical report include relevant information regarding the assumptions, parameters and methods of the mineral resource estimates on the Kamoa-Kakula Project cited in this news release, as well as information regarding data verification, exploration procedures and other matters relevant to the scientific and technical disclosure contained in this news release.

Information contacts

Investors: Bill Trenaman +1.604.331.9834 / Media: Matthew Keevil +1.604. 558.1034

Forward-looking statements

Certain statements in this release constitute "forward-looking statements" or "forward-looking information" within the meaning of applicable securities laws. Such statements and information involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of the company, its projects, or industry results, to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements or information. Such statements can be identified by the use of words such as "may", "would", "could", "will", "intend", "expect", "believe", "plan", "anticipate", "estimate", "scheduled", "forecast", "predict" and other similar terminology, or state that certain actions, events or results "may", "could", "would", "might" or "will" be taken, occur or be achieved. These statements reflect the company's current expectations regarding future events, performance and results and speak only as of the date of this release.

Such statements include without limitation, the timing and results of: (i) statements regarding the high-grade stockpile is projected to significantly expand in the coming months as the majority of Kakula's underground development will be in mining zones grading +5% copper; (ii) statements regarding the expected shipping and arrival dates of the ball mill shipments; (iii) statements regarding Kakula's northern and southern access drives are expected to join in September 2020; (iv) statements regarding the expected dates for initial commissioning and final commissioning of the conveyor system; (v) statements regarding reaming of Ventilation Shaft 4 is expected to commence this month and should be completed by the end of July; (vi) statements regarding the timing of the independent Kakula definitive feasibility study (DFS) and an updated Integrated Development Plan for the entire Kamoa-Kakula mining complex, which are expected to be issued in mid-2020; (vii) statements regarding the current estimate of the project's initial capital costs is approximately US$1.3 billion; (viii) statements regarding the Kakula Mine is scheduled to be energized with permanent 220kV hydro-generated power by January 2021; (ix) statements regarding the progressive re-commissioning of the turbines at the Mwadingusha hydro-power plant is expected to be completed in Q1 2021 and that the refurbished plant is expected to deliver approximately 72 megawatts (MW) of power to the national power grid; and (x) statements regarding Kakula will be among the world's lowest greenhouse gas emitters per unit of copper produced.

As well, all of the results of the pre-feasibility study for the Kakula copper mine and the updated and expanded Kamoa-Kakula Project preliminary economic assessment constitute forward-looking statements or information, and include future estimates of internal rates of return, net present value, future production, estimates of cash cost, proposed mining plans and methods, mine life estimates, cash flow forecasts, metal recoveries, estimates of capital and operating costs and the size and timing of phased development of the projects. Furthermore, with respect to this specific forward-looking information concerning the development of the Kamoa-Kakula Project, the company has based its assumptions and analysis on certain factors that are inherently uncertain. Uncertainties include: (i) the adequacy of infrastructure; (ii) geological characteristics; (iii) metallurgical characteristics of the mineralization; (iv) the ability to develop adequate processing capacity; (v) the price of copper; (vi) the availability of equipment and facilities necessary to complete development; (vii) the cost of consumables and mining and processing equipment; (viii) unforeseen technological and engineering problems; (ix) accidents or acts of sabotage or terrorism; (x) currency fluctuations; (xi) changes in regulations; (xii) the compliance by joint venture partners with terms of agreements; (xiii) the availability and productivity of skilled labour; (xiv) the regulation of the mining industry by various governmental agencies; (xv) the ability to raise sufficient capital to develop such projects; (xiv) changes in project scope or design, and (xv) political factors.

Forward-looking statements and information involve significant risks and uncertainties, should not be read as guarantees of future performance or results and will not necessarily be accurate indicators of whether or not such results will be achieved. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements or information, including, but not limited to, the factors discussed below and under "Risk Factors", and elsewhere in this release, as well as unexpected changes in laws, rules or regulations, or their enforcement by applicable authorities; the failure of parties to contracts with the company to perform as agreed; social or labour unrest; changes in commodity prices; and the failure of exploration programs or studies to deliver anticipated results or results that would justify and support continued exploration, studies, development or operations.

Although the forward-looking statements contained in this release are based upon what management of the company believes are reasonable assumptions, the company cannot assure investors that actual results will be consistent with these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this release and are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. Subject to applicable securities laws, the company does not assume any obligation to update or revise the forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this release.

The company's actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of the factors set forth below in the "Risk Factors" section in the company's Q1 2020 MD&A and its current annual information form.

刚果民主共和国科卢韦齐 — 艾芬豪矿业 (TSX: IVN; OTCQX:IVPAF) 联席主席罗伯特·弗里兰德 (Robert Friedland) 与孙玉峰 (Miles Sun) 今天宣布,卡库拉铜矿的地下开发持续快速推进,目前已经完成了15.4公里的地下开拓工程,超过既定目标4.7公里。采矿团队5月份共掘进1,868米,创下连续五个月的月度开发记录,比月度计划领先535米。

卡库拉矿目前正在平均铜品位约8%的矿段实施主要的开采工程,并将这些矿石运到专门的高品位地表堆场,现矿堆已储备矿石量约51,000 吨,铜品位约为5.86%。毗邻的一个中品位堆场储有约306,000吨的矿石,铜品位约为3.06%。在接下来的几个月,卡库拉的地下采矿将集中在铜品位超过5%的矿段,预计高品位堆场将得到大量扩充。

弗里兰德先生和孙先生还指出,中国、南非和欧洲的制造商目前正在全速生产卡库拉初始选厂所需的结构钢和主要设备,该选厂的年处理量为380 万吨。中信重工在中国洛阳的工厂正在铸造选矿厂最大型的设备— 球磨机,并即将完工,主要组件已在运送途中。







位于卡库拉矿山以北约10公里,卡莫阿矿床范围内的Kansoko矿山也在进行地下采矿工程。 Kansoko已作好开发的准备,现在新一批的刚果青年矿工正在该矿进行培训。

卡库拉的输送系统已安装主输送带和防蚀输送带,将矿石从地下输送到地表。输送系统计划在未来两周内进行初步调试,7月中旬进行整个系统 (包括制火系统和所有安全组件) 的最终调试。

图为刚果卡莫阿卡库拉建设公司(Kamoa Kakula Construction Company, 简称KKCC) 的团队成员在高容量斜坡道矿石传送设备系统的前方,该系统将从卡库拉矿山的地下操作平台运送铜矿石到地表选矿厂。

三号通风井的铰孔安装已经完工。现在位于一号通风井的一台高功率地表鼓风机将会移至三号通风井,而一号通风井将用作进风井 (将新鲜空气抽进矿山),三号通风井则用作出风井。四号通风井的铰孔安装预计于本月开始施工,并于7月底完工。



从左到右:Adolphe Kasenga (品位控住主任助理)、Lucquin Selemani (测量助理)、 Reagan Ngandu (测量助理)、Donat Kanimu (测量助理)、Daniel Jila (数据文员)、Thotho Ngoy (品位控制主任助理)、Ismael Kayembe (矿山测量师)以及后排﹕Narcisse Kalombo (推土机操作员)。



卡库拉年处理量 380 万吨选矿厂的所有长周期设备正在全速制造中,部分设备已运抵矿场。选矿厂的土方工程已完工,正在快速推进土建工程。 SMPP (结构、机械、管道和板金) 的制造进展顺利,部分钢材已在运送途中,且安装人员已抵达现场,EC&I (电气、控制和仪表)的合同已经授予。


假设第一期选矿序列于2021 年第三季度试车,截止到2019年1月预测的项目初期资本开支的最新估算约13 亿美元。


Mwadingusha 水电厂的施工进度理想,6台涡轮机正在全部进行更换。同时,满足220千伏配套的相关基础设施建设工程进展顺利,并将为矿山运营提供清洁的水电能源供给。计划于2021年1月实现220千伏永久性水力发电,其时间表将与矿山的首批铜精矿生产进度完美匹配。


目前,超过3,500名员工和承包商在矿场工作,其中约90%为刚果国民。至今为止,卡莫阿-卡库拉项目的所在地 — 刚果卢阿拉巴省尚未出现任何 COVID-19 病例。因此,卡莫阿-卡库拉项目于6月1日将其COVID-19响应计划从第4级调整至第3级,允许项目的刚果员工从科卢韦齐和邻近社区往返矿场。

卡库拉新建的重症监护室,将用作治疗COVID-19潜在患者。至今为止,卡莫阿-卡库拉项目或其所在地刚果卢阿拉巴省尚未出现任何 COVID-19 病例。




另外,卡库拉项目约 55% 的尾矿将与水泥混合,然后泵回地下,用作填充采空区和支撑地下矿山。余下45%的尾矿将被泵送到尾矿库。



艾芬豪还致力于使用清洁、可持续的水电能源为矿山提供电力。位于刚果的 Mwadingusha 水电厂的持续改善工程取得了显著进展,主要设备正运抵现场。涡轮机的逐步重新调试工作正在进行中,且正同步进行全面翻新和现代化改造工作,并将配备最先进的控制和仪器,预计全部修建工作于 2021 年第一季度全面完工。翻新后的发电厂预计将会向国家电网提供约 72 兆瓦的电能。

在艾芬豪矿业及紫金矿业的指导下,Mwadingusha 工程正在由瑞士洛桑的工程公司 Stucky和刚果国有电力公司La Société Nationale d’Electricité (以下简称“SNEL”) 合作施工。


卡莫阿-卡库拉铜矿项目是艾芬豪矿业 (占股39.6%)、紫金矿业集团 (占股39.6%)、Crystal River Global Limited (占股0.8%) 及刚果政府 (占股20% ) 的合资项目。




本新闻稿中关于卡莫阿-卡库拉项目的资本支出和开发方案修订版的科学或技术性披露已经由Steve Amos 审查和批准,他凭借其教育、经验和专业协会会籍被认为是NI 43-101 条款下的合资格人士。由于Amos先生是卡莫阿项目的负责人,因此他在 NI 43-101 下并不被认为是独立的。Amos 先生已核实本新闻稿所披露的技术数据。

本新闻稿中的其它科学或技术性披露已经由 Stephen Torr 的审查和批准,他凭借其教育、经验和专业协会会籍被认为是 NI 43-101 条款下的合资格人士。由于 Torr 先生是项目地质和评估副总裁,因此他在 NI 43-101 下并不被认为是独立的。Torr 先生已核实本新闻稿所披露的其它技术数据。

艾芬豪已经为卡莫阿-卡库拉项目编制了一份符合NI 43-101 标准的最新独立技术报告,該报告可在SEDAR 网站上的艾芬豪页面获得,网址为www.sedar.com

  • 2020年3月25日发布的2020年卡莫阿-卡库拉资源更新,由OreWin Pty Ltd.、Wood PLC、DRA Global、SRK Consulting (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd 和Stantec Consulting International LLC编制。



投资者﹕Bill Trenaman +1.604.331.9834 / 媒体﹕Matthew Keevil +1.604. 558.1034


本新闻稿载有的某些陈述可能构成适用于证券法所定义的“前瞻性陈述”或“前瞻性信息”。该等陈述及信息涉及已知和未知的风险、不明朗因素和其他因素,可能导致本公司的实际业绩、表现或成就、其项目或行业的业绩,与前瞻性陈述或信息所表达或暗示的任何未来业绩、表现或成就产生重大差异。该等陈述可通过文中使用“可能”、“将会”、“会”、“将要”、“打算”、“预期”、“相信”、“计划”、“预计”、“估计”、 “安排”、“预测”、“预言”及其他类似用语,或者声明“可能”、“会”、“将会”、“可能会”或“将要”采取、发生或实现某些行动、事件或结果进行识别。这些陈述仅反映本公司于本新闻稿发布当日对于未来事件、表现和业绩的当前预期。

该等陈述包括但不限于下列事项的时间点和结果:(i) 关于卡库拉的地下开发在未来几个月将集中在铜品位超过5%的矿段,预计高品位矿堆将得到大量扩充的陈述;(ii) 关于球磨机的预计运输和抵达日期的陈述;(iii) 关于卡库拉预计于2020年9月连接南北运输通道的陈述;(iv) 关于输送系统进行初步调试和最终调试的预计日期的陈述;(v) 关于四号通风井预计于本月开始铰孔并于7月底完工的陈述;(vi) 关于卡库拉的独立最终可行性研究和卡莫阿-卡库拉矿群的综合开发计划更新版的时间点,预计于2020年中发布的陈述;(vii) 关于项目的初期资本开支的最新估算约13 亿美元的陈述;(viii) 关于卡库拉矿山计划于2021年1月经220千伏永久水电通电的陈述;(ix) 关于Mwadingusha水电厂的涡轮机正在逐步重新调试,并预计于2021 年首季完工,翻新后的发电厂预计将会向国家电网提供约72兆瓦电能的陈述;以及(x) 关于卡库拉将成为全球最低温室气体排放者之一 (按铜产量单位计算) 的陈述。

此外,卡库拉铜矿预可行性研究的所有结果以及更新和扩展的卡莫阿-卡库拉项目初步经济评估,构成了前瞻性陈述或信息,并包括内部收益率、净现值,未来产量、现金成本估算、建议开采计划和方法、开采年限估计、现金流量预测、金属回收率、资本和运营成本估算,以及项目分阶段开发的规模和时间表。另外,对于与卡莫阿-卡库拉项目开发有关的特定前瞻性信息,公司是基于某些不确定因素而作出假设和分析。不确定因素包括:(i) 基础设施的充足性;(ii) 地质特征;(iii) 矿化的冶金特征;(iv) 发展充足加工产能的能力;(v) 铜价格;(vi) 完成开发所需的设备和设施的可用性;(vii) 消耗品和采矿及选矿设备的费用;(viii) 不可预见的技术和工程问题;(ix) 事故或破坏或恐怖主义行为;(x) 货币波动; (xi) 法例修订;(xii) 合资伙伴对协议条款的遵守情况;(xiii) 熟练劳工的人手和生产率;(xiv) 各政府机构对矿业的监管;(xv) 筹集足够资金以发展该等项目的能力;(xiv) 项目范围或设计更变;以及(xv) 政治因素。



基于本公司 2020年首季管理层讨论与分析报告及其年度信息报告里的“风险因素”部分所指的因素,本公司的实际业绩可能与这些前瞻性陈述所预计的业绩产生重大差异。

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